This toolkit outlines how qualitative data can be collected and analysed to answer a range of questions. Qualitative data tells us about how our projects have impacted on people and communities. It can give background to the numbers (quantitative data) we collect, or can be used by itself to find out about the changes happening in people’s lives. Essentially, qualitative approaches can provide a deeper understanding of how individuals and communities have interacted with and been impacted by projects. Understanding these perspectives can provide valuable learning for future activities.