The Tun Mustapha Compliance Plan

The Tun Mustapha Marine Park (TMP) is home to mangrove forests, sea grass beds and coral reefs all of which serve as a critical breeding ground for resident marine species, as well as migratory species such as whale sharks. TMP waters are home to at least 82 species of hard corals, 715 species of fishes, 50 species of Opisthobranch molluscs, 25 species of Ovulidadae snails and 130 species of seaweed. Given the decline in fisheries, the Sabah government recently established the TMP to reverse trends and protect territorial waters.

In this report, we analyze the legal framework, competencies and jurisdictions of all marine enforcement agencies in order to design an enforcement system for the TMP project that is practical, affordable and feasible to implement over a four-year timeframe.