Initiative for the Creation of Marine Protected Areas

GUSWARMAN • 16 January 2022
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NOTE: THIS POST HAS BEEN TRANSLATED BELOW.

Inisiatif Pembuatan Daerah Perlindungan Laut

Perairan Pesisir Timur Lampung-Indonesia tidak diwariskan pengelolaan laut berbasis masyarakat (adat) seperti Timur Indonesia yang dikenal dengan Sasi.

Setiap jengkal laut dapat di ekploitasi nelayan local dan daerah lainnya dengan alat tangkap yang dimiliki, aturan pengunaan alat tangkap merusak yang ditetapkan Kementerian Kelautan Perikanan Pemerintah Indonesia di langgar. seperti sondong, trawl, trawl gandeng, garok kerang dan lainnya. Dampak yang terjadi adalah : konflik antar nelayan di Pesisir Timur Lampung kerapkali terjadi, semisal jaring nelayan rajungan terseret kapal trawl yang beroperasi di wilayah tangkap yang sama, serta penurunan hasil tangkap nelayan yang tajam (berdasarkan pendataan hasil tangkapan rajungan yang dilakukan KPPRB tahun 2020-2021).

Adalah Kampung Kuala Teladas dan Sungai Burung yang terletak di Pesisir Timur Lampung secara admistratif berada di Kabupaten Tulang Bawang, Pada Konsultasi Public Pengelolaan Perikanan Berkelanjutan dan Sosialisasi Calon Perlindungan Anakan Rajungan yang berlokasi di kabupaten Lampung Timur pada Bulan November 2021, perwakilan masyarakat pada pertemuan tersebut terdorong untuk melindungi sebagian kecil wilayah tangkapnya untuk di jadikan kawasan konservasi tingkat desa.

Tentu tidak mudah dan membutuhkan waktu panjang untuk mensosialisakin gagasan terserbut kepada nelayan di 2 (dua) kampung tersebut yang terbiasa menangkap pada wilayah yang tidak terlarang.

Niatan perwakilan masyarakat tersebut akan berhadapan tantangan kedepan mulai dari internal nelayan kampung tersebut, nelayan luar yang masuk serta pijakan aturan penetapan wilayah.

Yang patut diapresiasi dan dukungan adalah keinginan masyarakat untuk melindungi wilayahnya.


NOTE: THE TEXT ABOVE HAS BEEN TRANSLATED HERE.

Initiative for the Creation of Marine Protected Areas

The waters of the East Coast of Lampung-Indonesia are not inherited by community-based (customary) marine management such as Eastern Indonesia, known as Sasi.

Every inch of the sea can be exploited by local fishermen and other areas with their fishing gear, the rules for the use of destructive fishing gear set by the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of the Indonesian Government are violated. such as sondong, trawler, trailer trawler, shellfish scratching and others. The impacts that occur are: conflicts between fishermen on the East Coast of Lampung often occur, such as crab fishing nets being dragged by trawling boats operating in the same fishing area, as well as a sharp decline in fishing catches (based on data collection on crab catches conducted by KPPRB in 2020-2021 ).

Kuala Teladas Village and Sungai Burung which are located on the East Coast of Lampung are administratively located in the Tulang Bawang Regency. During the Public Consultation on Sustainable Fisheries Management and Socialization of Candidates for the Protection of Crayfish Crayfish located in East Lampung Regency in November 2021, community representatives at the meeting were encouraged to protect a small part of the catch area to be made into a village-level conservation area.

Of course, it is not easy and it takes a long time to socialize the idea to the fishermen in the 2 (two) villages who are used to fishing in areas that are not prohibited.

The intention of the community representatives will face challenges in the future starting from the internal fishermen of the village, outside fishermen who enter and the footing of the rules for determining the area.

What deserves appreciation and support is the people's desire to protect their territory.

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